Lido Wellness Center Blog
The Connection Between Emetophobia and OCDApril 12, 2023
Trigger warning … we are going to talk a little about vomiting. Though if you already know what emetophobia is, you already know that.
Emetophobia is a specific phobia characterized by an intense fear of vomiting.
It is often so bad it can significantly impact a person’s daily life. They might have to avoid certain foods, social situations, and even travel because of the potential (or perceived potential) of vomit.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts, images, or urges (obsessions) that cause repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions) to alleviate anxiety.
Can you see the connection?
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Potential Connection between Emetophobia and OCD
Though not always, there are certainly times emetophobia can manifest as a specific type of OCD in which the obsessions and compulsions are centered around the fear of vomiting. For example, individuals with emetophobia and OCD may engage in excessive checking behaviors, such as checking expiration dates on food or avoiding contact with people who are sick, to prevent the possibility of vomiting.
They may compulsively check their temperature, pulse, or other physical sensations for signs of illness. This can cause them to miss work, school, or other important commitments.
Impact on Daily Life
The emetophobia and OCD connection can profoundly impact people’s lives, causing significant limitations in their daily activities. For those with emetophobia, it’s not uncommon to avoid certain foods or restaurants, leading to feelings of social isolation and difficulty maintaining relationships. In severe cases, some individuals may feel too anxious to leave their homes, which can mean loneliness and depression.
Social situations can be particularly challenging for individuals with emetophobia-OCD. Fear of vomiting can cause anxiety in public places, parties, and public transportation. This can cause significant distress, social isolation, and difficulty forming and maintaining relationships. Furthermore, OCD compulsions such as excessive cleaning or handwashing can be socially stigmatizing, leading to embarrassment and shame.
Impact on Eating Habits and More
The fear of vomiting can significantly impact an individual’s eating habits, leading to restrictive diets, malnutrition, and weight loss. Emetophobic people may avoid certain foods or food groups, such as meat or dairy, because they associate them with vomiting. Furthermore, the fear of vomiting can cause anxiety around mealtimes, resulting in nausea, loss of appetite, or even vomiting.
They may obsessively clean and disinfect their environment, clothes, and personal belongings to avoid any risk of contamination or infection. Cleaning all day long can be time-consuming and expensive and interfere with their daily life and routines.
Treatment Options for Emetophobia and OCD
It makes sense that someone with emetophobia may think they have OCD. And they might. But the good news is there is treatment for both.
The emetophobia-OCD connection requires a comprehensive approach that addresses the specific phobia and the OCD symptoms. Treatment options may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure and response prevention (ERP), and medication. CBT can help individuals challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs about vomiting, while ERP can help them gradually face their fears and reduce avoidance behaviors.
If you want to know more about emetophobia and OCD, call us today to talk to a mental health care advisor.
- National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – Emetophobia: https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/emetophobia-fear-of-vomiting/index.shtml
- International OCD Foundation (IOCDF) – Emetophobia: https://iocdf.org/expert-opinions/emetophobia/
- Verywell Mind – How Emetophobia and OCD Are Connected: https://www.verywellmind.com/the-connection-between-emetophobia-and-ocd-2510574
- Medical News Today – What is Emetophobia and How is it Treated? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/emetophobia